Capital : Colombo. Area : 65 610 km². Officials languages : Tamil, Sinhalese and English. Population : 20 400 000 inhabitants. Currency : Sri Lankan Rupee. President : Mahinda Rajapakse.
Since 1983, Sri Lanka is in a War period. The government is dominated by the Sinhalese ( mainly Buddhist ) and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam ( LTTE ) which is an organization who wants to create an independente country in the North and in the East of the country. This is the reason of this war. This war has already done 65 000 dead. And it is not finished...
Fresh clashes :
Clashes are worsening between the two sides. Seventeen Tamil Tiger rebels have been killed in fighting in the northern districts of Vavuniya and Mannar, the Sri Lankan military has said. The military said one soldier was killed in the fighting in Vavuniya. The Tigers have not commented on the claim. Earlier this week, dozens of soldiers and rebels were reported killed or wounded in fighting in the north. Fighting between troops and the rebels, who want autonomy in the north and east, has worsened in recent months. The leader of the Tigers' political wing, SP Thamilselvan, was killed on 2nd November in an air strike.
A Norwegian-brokered ceasefire in 2002 broke down after several years, resulting in renewed fighting that has killed more than 5 000 people.